Optometrist: How Diabetes Affects the Eyes

optometrist Dallas, TX

If you think you have eye problems because of diabetes, visit your optometrist. Diabetes can cause major eye and vision problems. Diabetes is one of the primary causes of vision loss for many people. Optometrists perform most of the comprehensive eye examinations for individuals with diabetes. Optometrists are well-versed in the management and treatment of diabetic eye disease.

How diabetes affects the eyes

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when blood sugar, also called blood glucose, is too high. Diabetes impairs the ability of the body to use and store sugar. High sugar levels in the blood cause damage to the eyes. Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye conditions that affect individuals with diabetes. These include diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma.

Diabetic retinopathy

This is a condition that occurs in people with diabetes. It causes damage to the small blood vessels of the light-sensitive back wall of the eye called the retina. The retina takes in light and turns it into signals through the optic nerve of the brain. Once these vessels are damaged, they leak blood and other fluids and this causes diabetic retinopathy.

Fluid can also leak into the macula. The macula is the area of the retina responsible for clear central vision. The macula is small, but it is the part that allows people to see colors and fine detail. It also provides good vision for driving, reading and other similar activities. The fluid makes this part to swell and causes blurred vision. Both eyes are usually affected by diabetic retinopathy. If not treated, this condition can even cause blindness.

Glaucoma

Diabetes increases the risk of glaucoma. The glaucoma is a group of disorders that can lead to blindness and vision loss by damaging the optic nerve. Some forms of glaucoma are associated with pressure buildup inside the eye when fluid does not drain the way it should. This damages nerves and blood vessels and may cause changes in vision. People with diabetes are also more likely to have a rare condition known as neovascular glaucoma. This disease makes new blood vessels to grow on the colored part of the eye known as the iris. These vessels block normal fluid flow and raise eye pressure.

Cataract

Cataract usually develops in people with diabetes. Cataract formation causes the clouding of the eye lens. The eye’s natural internal lens allows the eye to see and focus on an image the same way as a camera. When the lens becomes cloudy, that means a cataract has formed. This makes it hard for the eye to focus the way it should.

Visit your optometrist for eye exams

Diabetes can lead to several problems that affect the eye such as diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataract. These conditions can cause severe vision loss and even blindness. Early detection and timely treatment of diabetic eye disease can offer protection against vision loss. If you have not had an eye examination in a long time, schedule an appointment with your optometrist today.

Request an appointment here: https://www.texasoptical.net or call Texas Optical at (214) 771-7333 for an appointment in our Dallas office.

Check out what others are saying about our services on Yelp: Read our Yelp reviews.

Recent Posts

Optometrist: Diagnosing And Treating Both Nearsightedness And Farsightedness

Want to see an optometrist so you can understand the current health of your eyes? If you are between the ages of 20 and 39, you need to make appointments every five years. Between the ages of 40 and 54? Every two to four years. Between the ages of 55 and 64? Every one to…

What Does An Optometrist Do?

Thinking about making an appointment with an optometrist and wondering what are all the things that an optometrist does? The more you understand about the services that a particular health care professional can offer, the more likely you will take advantage of their services. Ready to learn more about all the things that optometrists do,…

How Does An Eye Doctor Diagnose Retinitis Pigmentosa?

While it is imperative to visit an eye doctor once a year for regular checkups, it is also critical to schedule an appointment when any type of vision change occurs. This includes sensitivity to bright lights, trouble differentiating colors, difficulty seeing at night or changes in peripheral vision. While these changes could point to a…

Can An Eye Doctor Detect Diabetes?

Eye doctors are very skilled at what they do. Although they primarily work on the eyes, they are able to help detect conditions that not only put the eyes at risk but affect the whole body. Diabetes is hard to diagnose because it typically affects the internal organs of the body, as opposed to producing…

Recent Posts

Optometrist: Diagnosing And Treating Both Nearsightedness And Farsightedness

Optometrist: Diagnosing And Treating Both Nearsightedness And Farsightedness

Want to see an optometrist so you can understand the current health of your eyes? If you are between the ages of 20 and 39, you need to make appointments every five years. Between the ages of 40 and 54? Every two to four years. Between the ages of 55 and 64? Every one to…

What Does An Optometrist Do?

What Does An Optometrist Do?

Thinking about making an appointment with an optometrist and wondering what are all the things that an optometrist does? The more you understand about the services that a particular health care professional can offer, the more likely you will take advantage of their services. Ready to learn more about all the things that optometrists do,…